Transfusable Blood Components Summary

The primary components of Whole Blood are Red Blood Cells, Platelets, Plasma and cryoprecipitate.
Blood Product Definition Storage Shlef Life Main Uses
Whole Blood Whole blood contains all the blood elements 2⁰ to 6⁰ *35 days or 42 days Trauma, Major Surgeries including open heart surgery and newborns
Red Blood Cells RBC’s contain haemoglobin, they transport oxygen and carbon dioxide 2⁰ to 6⁰ *35 days or 42 days Trauma, Anemia, Surgery, Blood Disorders
Platelets Helps stop bleeding by aiding clotting of blood 20⁰ to 24⁰ 5 days Cancer Patients receiving chemotherapy, Organ Transplant, Dengue
Plasma The fluid part of blood in which corpuscles are suspended −18⁰ to −80⁰ 1 year Coagulation factor deficiencies, Liver disease, Bleeding Disorder , Shock, Burns
Cryoprecipitate Insoluble portion of Plasma, It contains ≥ 80IU Factor VIII (AHF), ≥ 150mg of fibrinogen −18⁰ to −80⁰ 1 year Hemophilia, von-Willebrands diseases(most common hereditary coagulation abnormality)
Single Donor Platelets Helps stop bleeding by aiding clotting of blood 20⁰ to 24⁰ 5 days Cancer Patients receiving chemotherapy, Dengue

* Shelf life of whole blood and red cells varies based on the type of anticoagulant + Additive Solution.

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