The primary components of Whole Blood are Red Blood Cells, Platelets, Plasma and cryoprecipitate.
|Blood Product||Definition||Storage||Shlef Life||Main Uses|
|Whole Blood||Whole blood contains all the blood elements||2⁰ to 6⁰||*35 days or 42 days||Trauma, Major Surgeries including open heart surgery and newborns|
|Red Blood Cells||RBC’s contain haemoglobin, they transport oxygen and carbon dioxide||2⁰ to 6⁰||*35 days or 42 days||Trauma, Anemia, Surgery, Blood Disorders|
|Platelets||Helps stop bleeding by aiding clotting of blood||20⁰ to 24⁰||5 days||Cancer Patients receiving chemotherapy, Organ Transplant, Dengue|
|Plasma||The fluid part of blood in which corpuscles are suspended||−18⁰ to −80⁰||1 year||Coagulation factor deficiencies, Liver disease, Bleeding Disorder , Shock, Burns|
|Cryoprecipitate||Insoluble portion of Plasma, It contains ≥ 80IU Factor VIII (AHF), ≥ 150mg of fibrinogen||−18⁰ to −80⁰||1 year||Hemophilia, von-Willebrands diseases(most common hereditary coagulation abnormality)|
|Single Donor Platelets||Helps stop bleeding by aiding clotting of blood||20⁰ to 24⁰||5 days||Cancer Patients receiving chemotherapy, Dengue|
* Shelf life of whole blood and red cells varies based on the type of anticoagulant + Additive Solution.